International Journal of E-Business Development          
International Journal of E-Business Development(IJED)
ISSN:2225-7411(Print)      ISSN:2226-7336(Online)
Editor-in-chief: Prof. Steven Li, RMIT University, Australia
Website: www.academicpub.org/ijed/
The Effect of Requirements for Implementing E-Business Models on Supply Chain Performance in the Automotive Industry of Iran
Full Paper(PDF, 197KB)
Abstract:
Nowadays, the applications of information technology and the Internet in supply chains are changed into a facility for obtaining the competitive advantage. The main goal of this paper is to study the influence of the factors in implementing e-business models on the supply chain performance in auto industry. In this research, firstly, we will address the identification of the set of factors required for implementing e-business in the auto industry. Furthermore, the various dimensions of supply chain performance evaluation in Iran’s auto industry are identified through presenting a new framework to evaluate the indices of supply chain performance. Then various dimensions in two subjects of necessary factors for implementing e-business and supply chain performance are considered. Subsequently, we study the effects of necessary aspects for implementing the e-business on the dimensions of supply chain performance. The identification of different dimensions in the subject of research has been carried out based on a confirmatory factor analysis and then with the help of correlation analysis, we will study the relation of every identified aspect with the performance of the supply chain in the auto industry. According to performed research, it was specified that the necessary factors for implementing the e-business shall have the highest degree of correlation with the operational aspects of supply chain performance evaluation criteria. Then the highest degree of correlation was observed with technical criteria, finally with strategic criteria. We intend to find out the influence of the necessary aspects for implementing e-business on supply chain management (SCM) in the auto industry. So innovative aspects of this research are 1) Expression of factors needed for implementation of the e-business, 2) A newly combined framework for SCM assessment indices, and 3) Study the relation of the factors required for implementing the e-business with supply chain performance criteria.
Keywords:Supply Chain Management; Supply Chain Performance; Electronic Business; Integration; Automotive Industry
Author: Ahmad Jafarian1, Mohsen Shafiei Nikabadi2, Laya Olfat1, Roohollah Khodaverdi1
1.Industrial Management Department, Allame Tabatabae University (ATU), Tehran, Iran
2.Industrial Management Department, Semnan University, Seman, Iran
References:
  1. P.R. Cateora, J.L. Graham, and E.R. Bruning, International marketing, 1990. Irwin Homewood, IL.
  2. S. Li, et al., The impact of supply chain management practices on competitive advantage and organizational performance, Omega, vol. 34, pp. 107-124, 2006.
  3. V.R. Kannan and K.C. Tan, Just in time, total quality management, and supply chain management: understanding their linkages and impact on business performance, Omega, vol. 33, pp. 153-162, 2005.
  4. P. Childerhouse and D.R. Towill, Simplified material flow holds the key to supply chain integration, Omega, vol. 31, pp. 17-27, 2003.
  5. R.B. Handfield, E.L. Nichols, and L. Ernest, Introduction to supply chain management, 1999. Prentice Hall Englewood Cliffs, NJ.
  6. M.C. Chen, T. Yang, and H.C. Li, Evaluating the supply chain performance of IT-based inter-enterprise collaboration, Information & Management, vol. 44, pp. 524-534, 2007.
  7. J. Cai, et al., Improving supply chain performance management: A systematic approach to analyzing iterative KPI accomplishment, Decision Support Systems, vol. 46, pp. 512-521, 2009.
  8. B. Dehning, V.J. Richardson, and R.W. Zmud, The financial performance effects of IT-based supply chain management systems in manufacturing firms, Journal of Operations Management, vol. 25, pp. 806-824, 2007.
  9. S. Chopra and P. Meindl, Supply chain management. Strategy, planning & operation, Das Summa Summarum des Management, pp. 265-275, 2007.
  10. J. Auramo, Capturing the Potential of e-Business in Supply Chain Management, Citeseer, 2005.
  11. P. Hanafizadeh and M.S. Nikabadi, Framework for selecting an appropriate e-business model in managerial holding companies: Case study: Iran Khodro. Journal of Enterprise Information Management, vol. 24, pp. 237-267, 2011.
  12. EDCPI, Available at: http://www.ictna.ir/summon/archives/002120.html (Accessed 23 September 2009), 2009.
  13. J. Rowley, E-business: Principles and Practice, 2002. Palgrave Global Publishing.
  14. A. Gambardella and A.M. McGahan, Business-model innovation: General purpose technologies and their implications for industry structure. Long Range Planning, vol. 43, pp. 262-271, 2010.
  15. B. Buckhold, Merging e-commerce and the supply chain, 2000.
  16. C. Zott and R. Amit, Business model design: An activity system perspective, Long Range Planning, vol. 43, pp. 216-226, 2010.
  17. C. Zott, R. Amit, and J. Donlevy, Strategies for value creation in e-commerce: best practice in Europe, European Management Journal, vol. 18, pp. 463-475, 2000.
  18. J. Hedman and T. Kalling, IT and business models: Concepts and theories. Recherche, vol. 67, pp. 02, 2002.
  19. W. Currie, Value creation from e-business models, 2004. Butterworth-Heinemann.
  20. J.A. Rodgers, D.C. Yen, and D.C. Chou, Developing e-business; a strategic approach, Information management & computer security, vol. 10, pp. 184-192, 2002.
  21. A. Pateli and G.M. Giaglis, A framework for understanding and analysing e-business models. Citeseer (2003).
  22. J. Hayes and P. Finnegan, Assessing of the potential of e-business models: towards a framework for assisting decision-makers. European Journal of Operational Research, vol. 160, pp. 365-379, 2005.
  23. M.E. Porter, Competitive strategy: techniques for analyzing industries and competitors: with a new introduction, 1998, Free Press.
  24. I.J. Chen, Planning for ERP systems: analysis and future trend. Business Process Management Journal, vol. 7, pp. 374-386, 2001.
  25. K.C. Laudon and J.P. Laudon, Management Information Systems (11 ED), 2010. Dryden Press (Harcourt Brace College...).
  26. C. Freeman, The economics of innovation. Physical Science, Measurement and Instrumentation, Management and Education-Reviews, IEE Proceedings A, vol. 132, pp. 213-221, 1985.
  27. L. Tornatzky and M. Fleischer, The Process of Technological Innovation. MA, Lexington Book, 1990.
  28. J.M. Nurmilaakso, Adoption of e-business functions and migration from EDI-based to XML-based e-business frameworks in supply chain integration, International journal of production economics, vol. 113, pp. 721-733, 2008.
  29. W.J. Stevenson, Operations Management (9Th.E) 2007. McGraw-Hill/Irwin New York.
  30. K. Lai, E. Ngai, and T. Cheng, Measures for evaluating supply chain performance in transport logistics, Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, vol. 38, pp. 439-456, 2002.
  31. R. Bhagwat and M.K. Sharma, Performance measurement of supply chain management: A balanced scorecard approach. Computers & Industrial Engineering, vol. 53, pp. 43-62, 2007.
  32. T. Davis, Effective supply chain management. Sloan management review, vol. 34, pp. 35-35, 1993.
  33. J. Xu, B. Li, and D. Wu, Rough data envelopment analysis and its application to supply chain performance evaluation. International Journal of Production Economics, vol. 122, pp. 628-638, 2009.
  34. R. Deshpandé, J.U. Farley, and F.E. Webster Jr, Corporate culture, customer orientation, and innovativeness in Japanese firms: a quadrad analysis. The Journal of Marketing, pp. 23-37, 1993.
  35. S.W. Kim, Organizational structures and the performance of supply chain management. International Journal of Production Economics, vol. 106, pp. 323-345, 2007.
  36. G.T.M. Hult, D.J. Ketchen, and B.R. Chabowski, Leadership, the buying center, and supply chain performance: A study of linked users, buyers, and suppliers. Industrial Marketing Management, vol. 36, pp. 393-403, 2007.
  37. B.B. Flynn, B. Huo, and X. Zhao, The impact of supply chain integration on performance: A contingency and configuration approach. Journal of Operations Management, vol. 28, pp. 58-71, 2010.
  38. S. Holmberg, A systems perspective on supply chain measurements. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, vol. 30, pp. 847-868, 2000.
  39. V.A. Mabert and M. Venkataramanan, Special Research Focus on Supply Chain Linkages: Challenges for Design and Management in the 21st Century, Decision Sciences, vol. 29, pp. 537-552, 1998.
  40. D.R. Krause, Supplier development: current practices and outcomes, Journal of Supply Chain Management, vol. 33, pp. 12-19, 1997.
  41. R. Mason-Jones and D. Towill, Enlightening supplies [supply chain information]. Manufacturing Engineer, vol. 76, pp. 156-160, 1997.
  42. T.P. Stank and C.W. Lackey, ENHANCING PERFORMANCE THROUGH LOGISTICAL CAPABILITIES IN MEXICAN MAQUILADORA FIRMS, Journal of Business Logistics, 1997.
  43. C. Bechtel and J. Jayaram, Supply chain management: a strategic perspective. International Journal of Logistics Management, vol. 8, pp. 15-34, 1997.
  44. D.J. Thomas and P.M. Griffin, Coordinated supply chain management. European Journal of Operational Research, vol. 94, pp. 1-15, 1996.
  45. M.J. Maloni and W. Benton, Supply chain partnerships: opportunities for operations research, European Journal of Operational Research, vol. 101, pp. 419-429, 1997.
  46. T.S. Graham, P.J. Daugherty, and W.N. Dudley, The Long-Term Strategic Impact of Purchasing Partnerships, Journal of Supply Chain Management, vol. 30, pp. 12-13, 1994.
  47. K. McCormack, M.B. Ladeira, and M.P.V. de Oliveira, Supply chain maturity and performance in Brazil, Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, vol. 13, pp. 272-282, 2008.
  48. A. Neely, M. Gregory, and K. Platts, Performance measurement system design: a literature review and research agenda, International journal of operations & production Management, vol. 25, pp. 1228-1263, 2005.
  49. E.K. Clemons and M.C. Row, Limits to interfirm coordination through information technology: Results of a field study in consumer packaged goods distribution, Journal of Management Information Systems, pp. 73-95, 1993.
  50. A. Braganza, Enterprise integration: creating competitive capabilities. Integrated Manufacturing Systems, vol. 13, pp. 562-572, 2002.
  51. D.C. Chou, H.B. Tripuramallu, and A.Y. Chou, BI and ERP integration, Information Management & Computer Security, vol. 13, pp. 340-349, 2005.
  52. H. Stadtler and C. Kilger, Supply chain management and advanced planning, Springer Heidelberg, vol. 4, 2002, Germany.
  53. A. Gunasekaran, C. Patel, and E. Tirtiroglu, Performance measures and metrics in a supply chain environment, International Journal of Operations & Production Management, vol. 21, pp. 71-87. 2001.
  54. A. Gunasekaran, C. Patel, and R.E. McGaughey, A framework for supply chain performance measurement, International journal of production economics, vol. 87, pp. 333-347, 2004.
  55. J.E. Edwards, How to conduct organizational surveys: A step-by-step guide, 1997. SAGE Publications, Inc.
  56. J.C. Nunnally, Psychometric theory, 1967. Tata McGraw-Hill Education.
  57. J.F. Hair Jr, et al., Multivariate data analysis with readings, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1995.
  58. H.F. Kaiser, The varimax criterion for analytic rotation in factor analysis. Psychometrika, vol. 23, pp. 187-200, 1958.
  59. G. Hutcheson and N. Sofroniou, The multivariate social scientist: Introductory statistics using generalized linear models, 1999, Sage Publications Ltd.
  60. M. Fathian, P. Akhavan, and M. Hoorali, E-readiness assessment of non-profit ICT SMEs in a developing country: The case of Iran. Technovation, vol. 28, pp. 578-590, 2008.
  61. P. Kline, An easy guide to factor analysis, 1994. Psychology Press.
  62. L.J. Harrison-Walker, The measurement of a market orientation and its impact on business performance, Journal of Quality Management, vol. 6, pp. 139-172, 2001.
  63. X. Dong, Q. Liu, and D. Yin, Business Performance, Business Strategy, and Information System Strategic Alignment: An Empirical Study on Chinese Firms, Tsinghua Science & Technology, vol. 13, pp. 348-354, 2008.
  64. K.C. Tan, A framework of supply chain management literature, European Journal of Purchasing & Supply Management, vol. 7, pp. 39-48, 2001.
  65. M. Kojima, K. Nakashima, and K. Ohno, Performance evaluation of SCM in JIT environment, International journal of production economics, vol. 115, pp. 439-443, 2008.