Journal of Basic and Applied Physics
Journal of Basic and Applied Physics(JBAP)

ISSN:23049340(Print)
ISSN:23049332(Online)

Frequency: Annually

Website: www.academicpub.org/jbap/


Extended Use of Coulomb’s Law in Relation to Established Laws within Electromagnetism 

Full Paper(PDF, 346KB) 


Abstract: 

The competence of the basically electrostatic Coulomb’s Law has historically been assumed to be restricted to pure electrostatics. As soon as electric charges were studied in motion, new sets of laws were introduced to explain the electromagnetic forces that are impelled by the motion. Among these new laws are Neumann’s law of induction, Grassmann’s force law, Lorentz’ force law, and Ampère’s force law. Furthermore, the difficulties in explaining the nature of light have given rise to the socalled waveparticle paradox. 1997 was the first year of the public circulation of research results that succeeded in showing that the basic force behind cases involving electricity or, more precisely, electromagnetism, can be derived from electrostatics. The aim of this article is to unify the results of existing theoretical research that discusses problems inherent within the prevailing standpoint on electromagnetism. In this paper, the conflict between the Lorentz Force Law and Ampère’s Law is explored. Simultaneously, an alternative based strictly on electrostatics is closely examined. The very limited interest in this field of research, however, makes the amount of existing papers rather limited. The present study’s new intervention is as follows: The socalled Ampère forces between collinear currents, as in Ampère’s bridge and in exploding wires, have been explained to be due to electrostatics, provided that the propagation delay dependant on the motion of charges is correctly taken into account. The Lorentz Force Law fails in this case. Additionally, electromagnetic induction can be explained by applying electrostatics, whereas the induction law fails. Light on the orbit electrons in the atoms involved in excitation and deexcitation of states can be explained using Coulomb’s law (this has been widely disputed within science). The appearance of light at an atom hit by electromagnetic radiation can be shown to constitute a case of electromagnetic induction. The present study’s conclusion is therefore that Coulomb’s law is the only necessary force law within electromagnetism. 

Keywords:Coulomb’s Law; Ampere’s Law; Ampere’s Bridge; Grassmann’s Law; Lorentz’ Force Law; Neumann’s Law; Lenz’ Law; Electromagnetic Radiation; Graneau’s Exploding Wires; Propagation Delay; Sagnac Effect; Special Relativity Theory 

Author: J. O. Jonson^{1}  1.KTH Royal Institute of Technology, SE100 44 Stockholm, Sweden 

References:  A. M. Ampère, in Memory. On the Mathematical Theory of Electrodynamic Phenomena only Inferred from Experience, in Which are Gathered the Memories that M. Ampere has Submitted to the Royal Academy of Sciences in Sessions December 4 and 26, 1820, June 10, 1822, December 22, 1823, September 12 and November 21, 1825, Memoirs of the Royal Academy of Sciences of the Institute of France Year 1823, vol. VI, Paris, Firmin Didot in Father and son, booksellers, Rue Jacob, no. 24 [Copy belonging to the Stockholm University Library], pp. 175387, 1827.
 H. G. Grassmann, “Neue Theorie der Elektrodynamik,” Poggendorffs Ann. Phys., Chemie, vol. 64, pp. 118, 1845.
 J. O. Jonson, Ampère’s Law Proved Not to Be Compatible with Grassmann’s Force Law, Electromagnetic Radiation, Prof. S. O. Bashir (Ed.), InTech, 2012, pp. 5378, DOI: 10.5772/37978. [Online]. Available: http://www.intechopen.com/books/electromagneticradiation/ampreslawprovednottobecompatiblewithgrassmannsforcelaw.
 P. Graneau, “Ampere and Lorentz forces,” Physics Letters, vol. 107A, iss. 5, pp. 235237, 4 February 1985.
 J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, USA, 1975, p. 5.
 H. Cavendish, Electrical Researches, Ed. J. C. Maxwell, Cambridge University Press, 1879, p. 112.
 J. O. Jonson, “The Magnetic Force between Two Currents Explained Using Only Coulomb’s Law,” Chinese Journal of Physics, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 139149, April 1997.
 J. O. Jonson, “The Law of Electromagnetic Induction Proved to be False Using Classical Electrostatics,” Journal of Theoretics, vol. 5, no. 3, 8 pages, 2003. [Online]. Available: http://www.journaloftheoretics.com/Articles/53/fys.pdf.
 J. O. Jonson, “Turning Back to Coulomb’s Law as a Basis for Electromagnetism,” Proc. NPA, vol. 5, pp. 113118, 2008. [Online]. Available: http://www.naturalphilosophy.org//pdf//abstracts/abstracts_29.pdf.
 J. O. Jonson, “The Use of Finite Differences on Electric Currents Gives Credit to Coulomb’s Law as Causing Electromagnetic Forces, thereby Explaining Electromagnetic Induction,” International Journal of Modeling and Optimization, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 373376, August 2013.
 J. O. Jonson, “Towards a Classical Explanation to the Stable Electron Paths around Nuclei and to Radiation in Connection with the DeExcitation of Excited Electrons,” the VIII International Scientific Conference, August 1620, S:t Petersburg, Russia, Baltic State Technical University, Russian Academy of Applied Sciences and International Slavic Academy of Sciences, Education and Arts, 2005, pp. 111118.
 J. O. Jonson, “Classical Explanation for Atomic Phenomena,” Proc. of the NPA, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 9296, 2007. [Online]. Available: http://www.naturalphilosophy.org/php/index.php?tab0=Abstracts&tab1=Display&id=905.
 J. O. Jonson, “Photon as a Classical Wave Packet from Classically Stabilized Electron Orbits,” vol. 66640W, Proc. SPIE 6664, The Nature of Light: What Are Photons?, 2007, DOI: 10.1117/12.747574.
 J. O. Jonson, “Coulomb’s Law is the Basis for Radiation Energy,” Proc. of the NPA, vol. 8, pp. 303305, 2011. [Online]. Available: http://worldnpa.org/proceedingsofthe18thnaturalphilosophyallianceconference/.
 J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, USA, 1975, p. 172, Eq. (5.7).
 J. O. Jonson, “Refutation of Feynman’s Derivation of the LiénardWiechert Potentials,” Journal of New Energy, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 4244, 2003.
 R. P. Feynman, (mainly Electromagnetism and Matter) Lectures on Physics, AddisonWesley, 1989, p. 219.
 J. P. Wesley, “A Mathematical Error in the LiénardWiechert Retarded Potentials,” Physics Essays, vol. 13, iss. 4, pp. 589592, 2000.
 J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, USA, 1975, p. 2, Eq. (I.3).
 J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, USA, 1975, p. 173, Eq. (5.11).
 J. O. Jonson, The Electromagnetic Force between Two Parallel Current Conductors Explained Using Coulomb’s Law, Advanced Electromagnetic Waves, Prof. Saad Bashir (Ed.), InTech, 2015, pp. 6191, DOI: 10.5772/61221. [Online]. Available: http://www.intechopen.com/books/advancedelectromagneticwaves/theelectromagneticforcebetweentwoparallelcurrentconductorsexplainedusingcoulombslaw.
 J. C. Maxwell, A Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism, Oxford University Press, Vol. II, 1873, p. 319.
 P. Graneau, “Longitudinal magnet forces,” J. Appl. Phys., vol. 55, iss. 6, pp. 25982600, March 1984.
 P. Graneau, “Ampere Tension in Electric Conductors,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. Mag20, iss. 2, pp. 444455, March 1984.
 P. Graneau, “First Indication of Ampere Tension in Solid Electric Conductors,” Physics Letters, vol. 97A, no. 6, pp. 253255, 1983.
 P. Graneau, “Electrodynamic Explosions in Liquids,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 46, iss. 5, pp. 468470, 1985.
 H. Aspden, “The Exploding Wire Phenomenon,” Physics Letters, vol. 107A, no. 1, pp. 238240, 1985.
 J. P. Wesley, Ampere Repulsion and Graneau’s Exploding Wires, Progress in SpaceTime Physics, Benjamin WesleyPublisher, Blumberg, West Germany, 1987, pp. 181186, ISBN 3980094227.
 T. E. Phipps and T. E. Phipps, Jr., “Observations of Ampère Forces in Mercury,” Phys. Lett., vol. 146A, no. 12, pp. 614, 1990.
 J. P. Wesley, Ampere Repulsion Drives the GraneauHering Submarine and Hering’s Pump, Progress in SpaceTime Physics, Benjamin WesleyPublisher, Blumberg, West Germany, 1987, pp. 187192, ISBN 3980094227.
 C. Hering, “Electromagnetic Forces; Search for More Rational Fundamentals; a Proposed Revision of the Laws,” Trans. Am. Inst. Elect. Eng., vol. 42, pp. 311340, 1923.
 C. Hering, “Revision of some of the electromagnetic laws,” J. Frankl. Inst., vol. 192, iss. 5, pp. 599622, November 1921.
 P. Graneau, “Electromagnetic Jetpropulsion in the Direction of Current Flow,” Nature, vol. 295, pp. 311312, 1982.
 J. P. Wesley, “Pinch Effect and Ampère Tension to Drive Hering’s Pump,” Foundations of Physics Letters, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 95104, 1994.
 A. K. T. Assis and M Bueno, “Bootstrap Effect in Classical Electrodynamics,” Revista Facultad de Ingenieria, U.T.A (Chile), vol. 7, pp. 4955, 2000.
 A. K. T. Assis and M. Bueno, “Equivalence between Ampère and Grassmann Forces,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 431436, March 1996.
 F. F. Cleveland, “XXXIV. Magnetic forces in a rectangular circuit,” The London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science: Series 7, vol. 21(sup. 1), pp. 416425, 1936; published online: 08 Jun 2010. [Online]. Available: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/14786443608561594.
 J. P. Wes ley, “Weber electrodynamics extended to include radiation,” Speculations in Science and Technology, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 4761, 1987.
 J. P. Wesley, Ampere’s Original Force Law Compared with the MoyssidesPappas Results, Progress in SpaceTime Physics, Benjamin WesleyPublisher, Blumberg, West Germany, 1987, pp. 170180, ISBN 3980094227.
 J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, USA, 1975, p. 174, Eq. (5.22).
 J. C. Maxwell, A Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism, London, UK, Oxford University Press, 1873, p. 175.
 J. O. Jonson, “The Sagnac Effect Explained Using the Special Relativity Theory,” Proc of the NPA, vol. 6, pp. 101104, 2009. [Online]. Available: http://www.naturalphilosophy.org//pdf//abstracts/abstracts_1214.pdf.
 J. O. Jonson, “The Repulsive Force Within Ampère’s Bridge Explained by Coulomb’s Law and Special Relativity Theory, Taking into Account the Effects of Propagation Delay,” Journal of Basic and Applied Physics, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 2939, 2015. [Online]. Available: http://www.academicpub.org/jbap/paperInfo.aspx?PaperID=16667.
 P. G. Moyssides and P. T. Pappas, “Rigorous Quantitative Test of Biot–Savart–Lorentz Forces,” J. Appl. Phys., vol. 59, iss. 1, pp. 1927, 1986.
 J. C. Maxwell, A Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism, Vol. II, Oxford University Press, London, UK, 1873, p. 190.
 J. O. Jonson, “The Claim that Neumann’s Induction Law Is Consistent with Ampère’s Law Rejected,” International Journal of Modeling and Optimization, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 326331, August 2014.
 E. Lenz, “Ueber die Bestimmung der Richtung der durch elektrodynamische Vertheilung erregten galvanischen Ströme,” Poggendorffs Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Band 107, iss. 31, p. 485, 1834.
 N. Bohr, Collected Works, 2, Amsterdam; NorthHolland; New York: American Elsevier, 1981, p. 241.
 N. Bohr., Om atomernas byggnad, Albert Bonnier, Sweden, 1924, p. 13.
 N. Bohr., Om atomernas byggnad, Albert Bonnier, Sweden, 1924, p. 18.
 N. Bohr, Collected Works, 1, Amsterdam: NorthHolland; New York: American Elsevier, 1981, p. XXVIII.
 A. H. Compton, XRays and Electrons, An Outline of Recent XRay Theory, Macmillan and Co, LTD, London 1927, p. 29.
 J. O. Jonson, “What is Gravity?,” Journal of Theoretics, Comments Section, vol. 4, no. 1, 2002. [Online]. Available: http://www.journaloftheoretics.com/Comments/c41.htm.
 J. O. Jonson, “Turning Back to Coulomb’s Law,” Proc. of the NPA, vol. 5, pp. 113118, 2008, Natural philosophy website. [Online]. Available: http://www.naturalphilosophy.org//pdf//abstracts/abstracts_29.pdf.
 J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, USA, 1975, p. 28, Eq. (1.2).
 J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, USA, 1975, p. 169, Eq. (5.4).
 F. E. Neumann, “Die Mathematischen Gesetze der Inducirten Elektrischen Ströme,” Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin, Germany, 1845, p. 4.
 J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, USA, 1975, p. 656, Eq. (14.8).
 J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, USA, 1975, p. 611.

