Journal of Civil Engineering and Science                 
Journal of Civil Engineering and Science(JCES)
ISSN:2227-4634 (Print)
ISSN:2227-4626(Online)
Website: www.academicpub.org/jces/
Assessing Effects of Public Transport Oriented Development in Cities (Case Study: Chitgar Station of Tehran)
Full Paper(PDF, 353KB)
Abstract:
Although transport in cities has long been a concern for urban planners, the unprecedented increase in urbanization and the emergence of numerous means of transportation after the Industrial Revolution has greatly increased its importance. Since then, urban transportation has become one of the greatest challenges in urban planning worldwide. The impact of urban rail networks on urban land development is not linear, but the related structural planning has great influence on population absorption and the potential physical, social and economic development of regions. Therefore, the growth and control of such regions is possible. The objective of this article is to evaluate the effects of public transport system development on the physical, social and economic structures of cities. Information was collected from previous research and documented studies, and from interviews achieved with a designed questionnaire. The studied group consisted of citizens living near the Chitghar subway station in Tehran, station subway in Chitghar station of Tehran. Study participants were asked about the physical, social and economic impact of TOD on their daily lives. This research used a variety of methods to examine the beneficial impacts of Transport Oriented Development (TOD) and development near stations, including qualitative and quantitative approaches and data collection. Questionnaires were distributed between survey distributions to citizens living near the station. The secondary data was analyzed by SPSS22. The results of this study indicated that development surrounding public transport routes and terminals emphasize activities and necessities such as walking, cycling, public lighting, public security on the streets, job creation and other factors which affect life near subway stations. Thus, public transport oriented development can be categorized into physical, social, and economic indicators in cities.
Keywords:Public Transport Oriented Development; Physical Organization; Economical Organization; Urban Transport; Social Organization
Author: Hedye Saeedi1, Arash Baghdadi2
1.Department of Urban Planning, Shahr-e-Qods branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2.Assistant Professor, Department of Urban Planning, Shahr-e-Qods branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
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